2009-03-04

Grammar Review 'Present and Past Tense'

Grammar Review
(GRAMMAR SEKILAS)
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  • SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
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Samples Of Possitive Sentences
(CONTOH KALIMAT POSITIF)
  1. I like to play soccer.
  2. You like to play soccer.
  3. We like to play soccer.
  4. They like to play soccer.
  5. She likes to play soccer
  6. He likes to play soccer.
  7. It likes to play soccer.
  8. Word 'like' will change depends on the Subject
(Kata 'like' berubah tergantung Subyek yang mendahuluinya.)
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What are Simple Present Tense for? :
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1. Geberal Truth
(Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum.)
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The water flows from higher place to lower place.
2. Routine
(Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang rutin.)
  • I go to school every morning.
  • I ussually go to Bandung every Saturday night.
  • Negative Sentences Forms
(UNTUK BENTUK KALIMAT NEGATIF)
  1. I don't like to play soccer.
  2. You don't like to play soccer.
  3. We don't like to play soccer.
  4. They don't like to play soccer.
  5. She doesn't like to play soccer.
  6. He doesn't like to play soccer.
  7. It doesn't like to play soccer.
Yes/No Questions
Contoh Kalimat TANYA dengan jawaban Yes/No
  1. Do you like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, I do atau No, I don't.
  2. Do they like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, they do atau No, they don't.
  3. Do we like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, we do atau No, we don't.
  4. Does he like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, he does atau No, he doesn't.
  5. Does she like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, she does atau No, she doesn't.
Exercise.
Silakan terjemahkan kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini.
  1. Saya pergi ke sekolah setiap pagi jam 7.
  2. Mereka pergi ke Danau setiap hari Minggu pagi.
  3. Heri membeli buku dua buah setiap bulan.
  4. Kami membeli nasi goreng setiap malam untuk makan malam.
  5. Mereka tidak pergi ke kolam renang setiap hari Minggu pertama tiap bulan.
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  • SIMPLE PAST TENSE
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Samples Of possitive sentence
(CONTOH KALIMAT POSITIF)
  1. I went to Surabaya.
  2. You went to Surabaya.
  3. They went to Surabaya.
  4. We went to Surabaya.
  5. He went to Surabaya.
  6. She went to Surabaya.
  7. It went to Surabaya.
  8. Mira went to Surabaya.
  9. Mira and Widi went to Surabaya.
  • Verbs used in PAST TENSE
(Kata kerja yang dipakai dalam PAST TENSE)
Kata kerja yang digunakan ialah bentuk PAST.
Present (go) ; Past (went)
Present (come); Past (came)
Present (Do); Past (did)
Present (buy); Past (bought)
dan masih banyak lainnya.
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  • Kegunaan Simple Past Tense ialah :
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1. Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang bersifat lampau..
UNTUK BENTUK KALIMAT NEGATIF
  1. I didn't go to Surabaya.
  2. You didn't go to Surabaya.
  3. They didn't go to Surabaya.
  4. We didn't go to Surabaya.
  5. He didn't go to Surabaya.
  6. She didn't go to Surabaya.
  7. It didn't go to Surabaya.
  8. Mira didn't go to Surabaya.
  9. Mira and Widi didn't go to Surabaya.
  • Yes/No Questions
(Contoh Kalimat TANYA)
Did you go to Surabaya?.~ YA : Yes, I did / TIDAK : No, I didn't.
Did we go to Surabaya?.~ YA : Yes, we did / TIDAK : No, we didn't
Did they go to Surabaya? ~ YA : Yes, they did / TIDAK : No, they didn't
Did He/She go to Surabaya? ~ YA : Yes, he/she did
TIDAK : No, he/she didn't.
  • Latihan
Silakan terjemahkan kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini.
  1. Saya pergi ke Surabaya kemarin.
  2. Mereka pergi ke Danau Toba bulan lalu.
  3. Heri membeli buku dua buah Minggu lalu.
  4. Kami membeli nasi goreng malam minggu yang lalu untuk makan malam.
  5. Mereka tidak pergi ke kolam renang bulan lalu,

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