2011-02-20

common error in english (1)


cabinet
The ship was very small, so in order to avoid my aunt, I had to stay in my cabinet all day (X)
The ship was very small, so in order to avoid my aunt, I had to stay in my cabin all day (V)
- Cabinet = a piece of furniture used for storing or displaying things
- Cabin = a small room on a ship



call
I ran to the telephone and called to the ambulance (X)
I ran to the telephone and called the ambulance (V)
à Call/ring telephone a person or place WITHOUT to





can
I can not see why the motor cycle stopped working (X)
I can't/cannot see why the motor cycle stopped working (V)
- Can not usually becomes can't (chiefly spoken, informal) or cannot (more formal)

As you can remember, I was always interested in  city news (X)
As you may remember, I was always interested in city news (V)
I think you can remember me as I was the only Japanese in the group (X)
I think you may remember me as I was the only Japanese in the group (V)
- May is used to express possibility
- Can is used to express ability

See COULD





cancel
The meeting has been cancelled until next Thursday (X)
The meeting has been postponed until next Thursday (V)
- cancel = decide that something (previously arranged) will not longer lake place
postpone = move to a later time or date



capable
I took the machine back to the shop but there was nobody there capable to repair it (X)
I took the machine back to the shop but there was nobody there capable of repairing it (V)
- able + to-v BUT capable of + v-ing



Car
Are you going by taxi or by your own car? (X)
Are yoy going by taxi or in your own car? (V)
Are you going by taxi or by car? (V)
- go by car BUT go in your (own) car


care
My host family took a good care of me (X)
My host family took good care of me (V)
- take (good/great) care of someone or something

She had to stay at home to take care after her family (X)
She had to stay at home to take care of her family (V)
à look after someone or something BUT take care of someone or something

If you want to lose weight you’ll have to take care of what you eat (X)
If you want to lose weight you’ll have to be careful about what you eat (V)
- take care of = look after: ‘who will take care of the dog while we’re away?’
- be careful about = pay close attention to, especially to avoid doing the wrong thing

Some criminals simply don’t care of being caught (X)
Some criminals simply don’t care about being caught (V)
à care about (doing) something, NOT of



care for
The only thing they cared for was how to make money (X)
The only thing they cared about was how to make money (V)
- care for (formal) = (1) like: "would you care for another drink?"
                                  (2) take care of: "The child was well cared for, "(usually adjectival)
- care about = be concerned about



careless
How wonderful it would be to be young and careless again! (X)
How wonderful it would be to be young and carefree again (V)
- the opposite of careless is careful : " if you weren't so careless, you wouldn't make so many mistakes
- he opposite of carefree is woried



carry
An ambulance arrived and carried her to the hospital (X)
An ambulance arrived and took her to the hospital (V)
- A vehicle takes a person somewhere



case
Switzerland has very little unemployment and in this case we are very lucky (X)
Switzerland has very little unemployment and in this respect we are very lucky (V)
- in this/that case = in these/those circumstances: "What shall I do if there are no trains?" "in that case go by bus."
-   in this/that respect = with regard to this/that point or details: "The film is full of violence and in this respect is unsuitable for children"


I advise you to eat something now in case there won't be any food when we get there (X)
I advise you to eat something now in case there isn't any food when we get there (V)
after in case, use the present simple tense for future reference, NOT shall/will + verb: "take an umbrella in case it rains"

AmE in case you need any more information, please contact me (V)
BrE if you need any more information, please contact me (V)
AmE in case a woman goes out to work, she shouldn't have to do all the housework (V)
BrE if a woman goes out to work, she shouldn't have to do all the housework
- This usage of in case is acceptable in American English but NOT in British English.
     Note that "if" can be used in both British and American English



catch
We catched him stealing our luggage (X)
We caught him stealing our luggage (V)
She catched the first train to London (X)
She caught the first train to London (V)
- catch, catching, caught, caught



cause
The police wanted to know the caue for the accident (X)
The police wanted to know the cause of the accident (V)
cause of, NOT for something

This causes that the children look for affection elsewhere (X)
This causes the children to look for affection elsewhere (V)
- cause somebody to do something, NOT cause that

center
AmE The cinema was in the middle of a large shopping center (V)
BrE The cinema was in the middle of a large shopping centre (V)
- Center is American English
     Centre is British English

certain
She was extremely certain that they would offer her the job (X)
She was absolutely/quite certain that they would offer her the job (V)
- Although usage varies, an adjective which contains the sense "very", "extremely", or
    100% as part of its meaning is NOT usually used with very or extremely.
    Examples are: boiling (very hot), certain (very sure), convinced (very sure), delighted
    (very pleased), desperate (very woried), fascinated (very interested (by)), fine ( very
    Well, as in "I feel fine"  freezing (very cold), and starving (very hungry). To intensify
    Such adjectives, use absolutely, NOT very OR extremely.

The present government is certain of losing the next election (X)
The present government is certain to lose the next election (V)
- certain of doing something = feel sure that you will do something: "John is certain of
     Being invited", "(John's opinion)
     certain to do something = will definitely do something: "John is certain to be invited
      (the speaker's opinion)

certainly
I certainly will try harder the next time (X)
I will certainly try harder the next time (V)
-    certainly usually goes immediately after the (first) auxiliary verb: "His work has
     certainly improved this year". When there is no auxiliary verb, certainly is placed
     immediately before the main verb: "She certainly likes you". However, when the main
     verb is be, certainly is usually placed immediately before or immediately after it.

chair
During the flight she sat on the chair behind me (X)
During the flight she sat in the seat behind me (V)
seat = a place for sitting, as found in a cinema, train, bus, etc.
chair = a movable seat for one person

chance
The higher your qualifications, the better your chances to find a job (X)
The higher your qualifications, the better your chances of finding a job
chance/s of + v-ing

I spent the whole morning looking for the ring but had no chance (X)
I spent the whole morning looking for the ring but had no luck (V)
- chance = the force that seems to make something happen or not happen: "It was by
     sheer chance that I discovered he had been telling lies."
     Luck = good fortune

cheap
The wages in Taiwan are very cheap (X)
The wages in Taiwan are very low (V)
- use cheap with goods
use low with wages, costs, payments,etc

check
AmE I paid for the radio by check (X)
BrE I paid for the radio by cheque (V)

AmE Although he had invited me, he asked me to play the check (V)
BrE Although the had invited me, he asked me to play the bill (V)
- In American English check means
(1)   a form instructing a bank to pay money to someone (BrE cheque)
(2)   alist of  things bought and their price (BrE bill)