Soal Ebtanas English SMA 1996

Wacana 1


"A  healthy  mind  in  a healthy  body".  That  is  the motto  of  every  athlete  in  the  world.  People  can  be
happy  only  if  -they  are  healthy.  There  are  several important things we must do  in order to  stay  healthy. First,  we  must  get  enough  regular  physical  exercise.
Second, we must live in a clean house. Third, we must have enough time to rest. Rest is an important physical exercise. And fourth, we must eat adequate quantities
of  nutritious  food.  Good  food  is  very  important  for keeping our body, healthy. Food which  contains  a lot of nutriments is always good for our body. Nutriments
are  used  by  our  body  for  energy,  growth,  and  for building  new  body  tissues.  Nutriments  are  of  five important               groups:      proteins,    carbohydrates,                     fats,
minerals and vitamins. Out body needs proteins for its growth.  Therefore,  proteins  are  the  most  important nutriments  for  young  people.  Proteins  also  rebuild
worn-out  body  tissues.  We  can  acquire  proteins  from meat, chicken, peas, beans, coconuts, eggs and milk.
Carbohydrates   ar a importan 35 proteins,
because they are the main source of energy. 4fle body needs energy to do its work. Carbohydrates are found in  flour,  bread,  cakes,  rice,  potatoes,  cassava,  corn, sugar and sweets.
Fats are another important source of energy. We can find fats in butter, margarine, milk, coconut-milk, eggs, fish, meat and .ice-cream. However, too much fat
can  make  our  body  fat  and  this  is  dangerous  for  our
heart. It can cause heart attacks.
Mineral   salts   suc as   calcium magnesium, phosphorus, and iron are also absolutely necessary for ou body Fo instance calcium magnesium   and phosphorus are necessary for the growth of our bones and teeth. Iron is important for our blood.
Vitamins  are important for our health.  The body cannot  make  its  own  vitamins,  so  it  depends  on  our food for these. We must eat food which contains a. lot of vitamins, such as vegetables and fruit. They help the body   t absorb   othe nutrients   i food Vitamins control our digestion.

... as the main source of energy needed by our body are found in bread, cakes, rice, etc.
A.   Carbohydrates
B.   Vitamins
C.   Minerals D Proteins E.   Fats

Fats which are found in various kinds of food are dangerous for our heart.
This information is found in paragraph ... A.   one
B.   two C three D four
E.   five

Which statement is true according to the text? A Vitamins help the blood to circulate
B.   Our body needs protein for digestion
C.   Mineral salts help the body to absorb nutrients in food
D.   Nutritious food is very important for keeping our
body healthy
E.   Only fats are needed for rebuilding our worn-out body tissues

What kind of nutriment is mostly needed for the
growth of our body? A.   Fat
B.   Protein
C.   Vitamin
D.   Mineral
E.   Carbohydrate

"We must eat adequate quantities of nutritious " food", (paragraph 1).
What is the synonym of underlined won!?
A.   Few B Many C Large D Small
E.   Enough

Wacana 2

In   Indonesia,   mudflows   have   bee th major cause  of  destruction  and  loss  of  human  life  during volcanic  catastrophes  and  landslides.  Another  kind  of disaster  which  claimed  victims,  but  which  was  not directly: caused by volcanic eruptions, happened at the Dieng Plateau, Central Java, February 1979: two mud eruptions and poisonous, suffocating gases caused  the death bf, 149 people.
Disasters  in  the  past  may  have  been  caused  "by ground movement and tectonic earthquakes which are often inherent in volcanic outbursts. Examples of these are the earthquakes in Bali in 1963, which took place after  the  eruption  of   the  Agung  volcano;  an the

earthquakes in West Java in the 1960s, caused by the Salak  volcano.  So  far,  a  direct  relationship  between, tectonic  earthquakes  and  volcanic  eruptions  has  not been observed.
Tectonic  earthquakes  may  also  be  the  cause  of tsunamis Thi phenomeno occurre durin the Krakatau catastrophe in 1883, and caused the death of the people living in the coastal areas of South Sumatra and  the  western  part  of  West  Java.  Most  geologists, however, accepted the theory that this earthquakes was caused by sea waves, which in turn were the result of the collapse of the Krakatau volcano into the sea. This explosion  was  one  of  thmost  violent  eruptions  in historic times, .and its collapse formed a caldera on the seabed.
The  menace  of  volcanoes  in  general  is  greater than  that  of  other  natural  disasters.  If  an  eruption occurre i th Toba   region fo example where flammable  deposits  are  found  in  great  quantity,  it woul entai  catastrophe In   such   case ma is powerless.
Volcanic eruptions, besides claiming thousands of lives  and  causing  lose  of  property  and  damage  to villages,    are,    on    the    other    hand,    beneficial    to agriculture. The ash they produce is responsible for the fertile soil around active volcanoes.
Volcanoes, with their craters, lakes and solfataras are  places  of  interest  for  local  as  .well  as  foreign
tourists.  Volcanic  rock  is  used  in  the  manufacture  of
building  materials,  and  volcanic  heat  is  capable  of generating electricity.

When did the Agung volcano erupt?
A.   1883
B.   1949
C.   I960
D.   1963
E.   1979

What is the main idea of paragraph 5? A The advantages of agriculture
B.   The soil around active volcanoes
C.   The advantages of volcanic eruption
D.   The cause of earthquake and tsunamis
E.   The relation between agriculture and volcanoes

The death the people at the Dieng Plateau in 1979 was
caused by ... A landslides B.   sea waves
C.   poisonous gases
D.   volcanic outbursts
E.   volcanic eruptions

Which of these statements is not true according to the text?
A.   Volcanoes are dangerous but also useful
B.   Volcanic outbursts can generate electricity
C.   Volcanoes are also places of interest that attract tourists
D.   In  the twentieth century an  earthquake occurred in West Java
E.   In 1883 many people in the coastal areas of South
Sumatra lost their lives

"In Indonesia, mudflows have been the major cause of
destruction", (paragraph 1').
The synonym of the word "major" is ... A main
B.   distinct
C.   important D particular E.   significant

Wacana 3
Every day both industrial and domestic chimneys
emit  vast  amounts  of  dirt  and  harmful  gases.  The exhaust  fumes  from  thousands  of  car  engines  add  to this huge volume of filth,
Sulphur dioxide, produced mainly by the burning of coal and oil, combines with the moisture of the air to form  sulphuric  acid.  This  eats  away  stone,  brick  and
even metal. Doctors reason that if it can do this, it must damage the lungs of people who breathe it, especially over a period of many years.
Usually   th effect o ai pollutio are   not
instantly noticeable. Occasionally, though,, there have been   catastrophi "smogs" (The   word   smog   is   a combination of smoke and fog). One of these occurred in the town of Donora, Pennsylvania, in the U.S.A. The valley  in  which  the  town  lies  traps  the  smoke  and fumes from the steelworks and chemical plants that fill it One   day i October   1948 unusual   weather conditions  prevented  the  smog  from  lifting  by  the afternoon, as it normally did. Instead, it hung over the town for three days. By the end of the third day, nearly
6000  people  were  ill.  More  than  60  percent  of  those aged 65 and over were seriously ill. 20 people died. At last a heavy rain shower cleared the smog.
One of the chief causes of air pollution in many cities  is  the  internal  combustion  engine.  Cars,  lorries, and  buses  give  out  the  gas  called  carbon  monoxide,
which  in  high  concentrations  can  kill  a  person  in  a confine space.   Car als thro into   th air   fine particles of rubber and asphalt from their tires and the road, and particles of asbestos from their brake-linings.
These can cause damage to the lungs when breathed in.
Another  source  of  pollution  is  nuclear  power station  which  produce  a  great  amount  of  poisonous
radio-active  waste.  This  waste  must  be  sealed  up  and buried  beneath  the ground  or  seabed  so  carefully  that there is no danger of leakage. Some scientists are very
worried  that  we  are  not  being  careful  enough  with nuclear  waste.  It  may  not  all  be  buried  safely.  Also, they fear there may be a serious accident at a nuclear

power station, releasing deadly radiation into the air.

Air pollution in many cities is mainly caused by … A catastrophic smogs
B.   poisonous radio-active waste
C.   the internal combustion engine
D.   industrial and domestic chimneys
E.   the steelworks and chemical plants

"A large amount of dangerous gases is given out by industrial and domestic chimneys".
This statement can be found in the ... paragraph.
A.   first
B.   second
C.   third
D.   fourth
E.   fifth

Why do we have to worry about the development of
technology and industries? Because, according to the text ...
A.   they damage the soil
B.   they exploit many workers
C.   they will cause pollution
D.   they change the weather condition
E.   they keep poisonous radio-active waste

Which statement is true according to the text?  
A Carbon monoxide is riot too dangerous
B.   Radio active is harmless to people
C.   Cars can absorb carbon monoxide
D.   Smoke and fumes clear up the air
E.   Motorcars cause air pollution

"Doctors reason that if it can do this, it must damage the lungs of people ..." (paragraph 2)
The word "it" refers to ... A sulphur dioxide
B.   sulphuric acid C.   damaged lung D burning coal
E.   burning oil

Wacana 4

There is reason for the deepest concern about the plight of wildlife in our country. Many rare species are threatened  with  extinction  because  of  the  greed  of hunters  and  game  collectors.  Orangutans  are  rarely foun i thei natural   habitat   i th forest of Kalimantan  and  Sumatra,  but  one  may  find  them  in zoo an privat menageries   all   ove th world. Ruthles hunter kil innocen elephant fo their valuable ivory tusks or catch them alive to perform in circuses. Tigers' hides decorate walls and floors of rich people's home in distant countries.
If things are allowed to continue in this way it is feared  that  very  soon  all  wildlife  will  disappear  from ou forests.   Fortunately th government   has   now

imposed   stric laws   o hunting^   Som areas   are designate wildlif reserve wher hunter cannot enter.  These  include  Ujungkulon  and  Pangandaran  in West Java, Merubetiri in East Java, and many more in the other islands.
Some  time  ago  our  newspaper  contained  reports of  elephants  which  had  run  amok,  in  the  province  of Lampung.  They  had  emerged  from  their  abode  in  the
forest and destroyed crops and houses belonging to the
villagers.  Thpeople  could  nounderstanwhthe beasts had suddenly gone wild: The strange thing was that the animals had not come for food, because having wrought destruction  they returned  to, the forest. They seemed  to  have  come  only  to  vent  their  anger.  As elephants  are  protected  by  law,  the  people  could  not kill any of them.
The    explanation    for    the    elephants    strange behaviour is that they felt quiet life had been disturbed
by the timber-telling projects and saw-mills set up deep in the forest. The animals felt their domain was being narrowed by man, and so they got angry. Elephants felt
their domain was being narrowed by man, and $o they got  angry.  Elephants  need  peace  and  quiet  for  their family life. They also need vast areas of land in which
to roam. They live in herds, and each herd likes to have its own territory.
Now  the  government  has  driven  the  elephants
back into the forests, away from any village or lumber- mill.  By  shouting  and  shooting  in  the  air  the  people drove the great beasts to a dew abode in the district of Air  Sugihan.  It  is  hoped  that  they  will  feel  at  home there, and can live in peace and quiet.

Why do hunters kill elephants?  
A To get the tusks
B.   To show their anger
C.   To avoid destruction
D.   To protect the villagers
E.   To create a peaceful life

The government has designated a new abode for the
elephants in ....  
A Kalimantan
B.   Merubetiri
C.   Ujungkulon
D.   Air Sugihan
E.   Pangandaran

Strict laws are imposed oh hunting to conserve
This information is found in paragraph ... 
A one
B.   two
C.   three
D.   four
E.   five

Which of these sentence is not true according to the text?
A.   Hunters are not allowed to enter wildlife reserves
B.   We can not kill animals as they are protected by laws
C.   We are worried about the bad situation of wildlife in our country
D.   People can hardly find orangutans in the forest of
E.   E.    Ujungkulon and Pangandaran are the areas. , designated wildlife reserves

"The animals felt their domain was being narrowed by
man, and so they got angry." (paragraph 4) It means that their domain had become ...
A.   wider
B.   larger C.   bigger D smaller E.   greater