2011-05-29

Tenses 1 - 12

1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE


Samples Of Possitive Sentences
(CONTOH KALIMAT POSITIF)
  1. I like to play soccer.
  2. You like to play soccer.
  3. We like to play soccer.
  4. They like to play soccer.
  5. She likes to play soccer
  6. He likes to play soccer.
  7. It likes to play soccer.
  8.  
  9. Word 'like' will change depends on the Subject
(Kata 'like' berubah tergantung Subyek yang mendahuluinya.)
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What are Simple Present Tense for? :
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1. Geberal Truth
(Untuk menyatakan kebenaran umum.)
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The water flows from higher place to lower place.
2. Routine
(Untuk menyatakan kejadian yang rutin.)
  • I go to school every morning.
  • I ussually go to Bandung every Saturday night.
  • Negative Sentences Forms
(UNTUK BENTUK KALIMAT NEGATIF)
  1. I don't like to play soccer.
  2. You don't like to play soccer.
  3. We don't like to play soccer.
  4. They don't like to play soccer.
  5. She doesn't like to play soccer.
  6. He doesn't like to play soccer.
  7. It doesn't like to play soccer.
Yes/No Questions
Contoh Kalimat TANYA dengan jawaban Yes/No
  1. Do you like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, I do atau No, I don't.
  2. Do they like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, they do atau No, they don't.
  3. Do we like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, we do atau No, we don't.
  4. Does he like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, he does atau No, he doesn't.
  5. Does she like to play soccer? Jawab ~~ Yes, she does atau No, she doesn't.
Exercise.
Silakan terjemahkan kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini.
  1. Saya pergi ke sekolah setiap pagi jam 7.
  2. Mereka pergi ke Danau setiap hari Minggu pagi.
  3. Heri membeli buku dua buah setiap bulan.
  4. Kami membeli nasi goreng setiap malam untuk makan malam.
  5. Mereka tidak pergi ke kolam renang setiap hari Minggu pertama tiap bulan.



2. SIMPLE PAST TENSE


Samples Of possitive sentence
(CONTOH KALIMAT POSITIF)
  1. I went to Surabaya.
  2. You went to Surabaya.
  3. They went to Surabaya.
  4. We went to Surabaya.
  5. He went to Surabaya.
  6. She went to Surabaya.
  7. It went to Surabaya.
  8. Mira went to Surabaya.
  9. Mira and Widi went to Surabaya.
  • Verbs used in PAST TENSE
(Kata kerja yang dipakai dalam PAST TENSE)
Kata kerja yang digunakan ialah bentuk PAST.
Present (go) ; Past (went)
Present (come); Past (came)
Present (Do); Past (did)
Present (buy); Past (bought)
dan masih banyak lainnya.
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  • Kegunaan Simple Past Tense ialah :
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1. Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang bersifat lampau..
UNTUK BENTUK KALIMAT NEGATIF
  1. I didn't go to Surabaya.
  2. You didn't go to Surabaya.
  3. They didn't go to Surabaya.
  4. We didn't go to Surabaya.
  5. He didn't go to Surabaya.
  6. She didn't go to Surabaya.
  7. It didn't go to Surabaya.
  8. Mira didn't go to Surabaya.
  9. Mira and Widi didn't go to Surabaya.
  • Yes/No Questions
(Contoh Kalimat TANYA)
Did you go to Surabaya?.~ YA : Yes, I did / TIDAK : No, I didn't.
Did we go to Surabaya?.~ YA : Yes, we did / TIDAK : No, we didn't
Did they go to Surabaya? ~ YA : Yes, they did / TIDAK : No, they didn't
Did He/She go to Surabaya? ~ YA : Yes, he/she did
TIDAK : No, he/she didn't.
  • Latihan
Silakan terjemahkan kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini.
  1. Saya pergi ke Surabaya kemarin.
  2. Mereka pergi ke Danau Toba bulan lalu.
  3. Heri membeli buku dua buah Minggu lalu.
  4. Kami membeli nasi goreng malam minggu yang lalu untuk makan malam.
  5. Mereka tidak pergi ke kolam renang bulan lalu,
  6.  
3. PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE


Contoh kalimat.
  1. I am studying English.
  2. You are studying English.
  3. We are studying English.
  4. They are studying English.
  5. He is studying English.
  6. She is studying English.
  7. It is studying English.
  8. Soni is studying English.
  9. Soni and Banu are studying English.
  • Catatan:
Perhatikan perbedaan pemakaian ''is'' dan.''are'' pada contoh di atas. Untuk I menggunakan 'am', untuk You, We, They menggunakan 'are', dan untuk He, She, Soni, menggunakan 'is'.
CONTOH KALIMAT NEGATIF
  1. I am not studying English.
  2. You are not studying English.
  3. We are not studying English.
  4. They are not studying English.
  5. He is not studying English.
  6. She is not studying English.
  7. It is not studying English.
  8. Soni is not studying English.
  9. Soni and Banu are not studying English.
Perhatikan letak NOT yang selalu setelah (is, am, are).
  • CONTOH KALIMAT TANYA
  • Are you studying English?.
Yes, they are, atau
No, they aren't
  • Are we studying English?.
Yes, We are. atau
No, We aren't
  • Are they studying English?.
Yes, they are, atau
No, they aren't
  • Is He studying English.?
Yes, He is, atau
No, He isn't
  • Is she studying English?.
Yes, she is, atau
No, she isn't
  • Is it studying English?.
Yes, it is atau
No, is isn't
  • Is Soni studying English?.
Yes, He is atau
No, He isn't
  • Are Soni and Banu studying English.?
Yes, they are atau
No they aren't
  • KEGUNAAN PRESENT CONTINOUS TENSE
Untuk menerangkan sesuatu hal yang sedang dikerjakan saat ini.
LATIHAN
  1. Saya dan Tina sedang mengerjakan laporan penjualan.
  2. Roni sedang membaca surat dari Saya.
  3. Tania sedang memasak ayam goreng sekarang.
  4. Ibu dan adik perempuan Saya sedang membersihkan dapur.
  5.  
  6. Kirimkan jawaban anda ke myenglish@indo.net.id untu mendapatkan jawabannya.

4. PAST CONTINOUS TENSE

Contoh kalimat POSITIF
  1. I was studying math when Dina called last night.
  2. You were studying math when Dina called last night.
  3. We were studying math when Dina called last night.
  4. They were studying math when Dina called last night.
  5. He was studying math when Dina called last night.
  6. She was studying math when Dina called last night.
  7. It was studying math when Dina called last night.
  • Contoh kalimat NEGATIF
  1. I wasn't studying math when Dina called last night.
  2. You weren't studying math when Dina called last night.
  3. We weren't studying math when Dina called last night.
  4. They weren't studying math when Dina called last night.
  5. He wasn't studying math when Dina called last night.
  6. She wasn't studying math when Dina called last night.
  7. It wasn't studying math when Dina called last night.
  • Catatan :
Kata I, He, She, dan It diikuti 'was'
Sedangkan kata You, They, dan We diikuti 'were'.
  • Kalimat YES/NO
  • Were You studying math when Dina called last night?
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn't
  • Were We studying math when Dina called last night.?
Yes, we were.
No, we weren't
  • Were they studying math when Dina called last night?.
Yes, they were.
No, they weren't
  • Was He studying math when Dina called last night.?
Yes, He was
No, He wasn't
  • Was She studying math when Dina called last night?.
Yes, she was.
No, she wasn't
  • KEGUNAAN :
Untuk menyatakan suatu pekerjaan sedang berlangsung saat suatu kejadiannya lainnya terjadi di masa lampau.
  • LATIHAN.
Terjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Inggris.
1. Saya sedang mencuci baju ketika listrik padam.
2. Tami sedang mandi ketika telpon berbunyi.
3. Mereka sedang mengawasi para siswa ketika tamunya datang.
4. Yuni sedang membersihkan meja kantornya ketika bosnya datang.


5. PRESENT FUTURE TENSE
  • CONTOH KALIMAT AKTIF
  1. I will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  2. You will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  3. We will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  4. They will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  5. He will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  6. She will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  7. It will go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  • CONTOH KALIMAT NEGATIF
  1. I will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  2. You will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  3. We will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  4. They will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  5. He will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  6. She will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  7. It will not go to Surabaya tomorrow.
  • CONTOH KALIMAT YES/NO.
  • Will you go to Surabaya tomorrow?
Yes, I will.
No, I won't.
  • Will we go to Surabaya tomorrow?
Yes, we will.
No, we won't.
  • Will They go to Surabaya tomorrow?
Yes, they will.
No, they won't.
  • Will he go to Surabaya tomorrow?
Yes, he will.
No, he won't.
  • Will she go to Surabaya tomorrow?
Yes, she will.
No, she won't.
  • PENGGUNAAN
Untuk menyatakan sesuatu yang akan terjadi / belum terjadi dan kemungkinan besar akan dilaksanakan.
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6. PAST FUTURE TENSE
  • CONTOH KALIMAT POSITIF
  1. I would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  2. You would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  3. We would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  4. They would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  5. He would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  6. She would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  7. Our group would come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  • CONTOH KALIMAT NEGATIF
  1. I would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  2. You would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  3. We would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  4. They would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  5. He would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  6. She would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  7. Our group would not come to the movie when Tetty came last night.
  • CONTOH KALIMAT YES/NO
  • Would You come to the movie when Tetty came last night?
Yes, I would.
No, I wouldn't
  • Would they come to the movie when Tetty came last night?
Yes, they would.
No, they wouldn't.
  • Would He come to the movie when Tetty came last night.?
Yes, he would.
No, he wouldn't.
  • Would She come to the movie when Tetty came last night?
Yes, she would.
No, she wouldn't.



7. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
Untuk menyatakan sesuatu SUDAH terjadi. Untuk masalah keterangan waktu tidak diperlukan.
Examples.
1.    - I have eaten my cake.
2.    - You have eaten your cake.
3.    - We have eaten our cake.
4.    - They have eaten our cake.
5.    - She has eaten her cake.
6.    - He has eaten his cake.
7.    - It has eaten its cake.
·         Negative Sentences.
Negative sentences have meaning 'belum'.
Examples :
1.    - I haven't eaten my cake.
2.    - You haven't eaten your cake.
3.    - We haven't eaten our cake.
4.    - They haven't eaten their cake.
5.    - He hasn't eaten his cake.
6.    - She hasn't eaten her cake.
7.    - It hasn't eaten its cake.
Yes/No questions have meaning 'sudahkah.....?'
The answers 'Yes, I have' or 'No, I haven't' (Sudah or belum)
·         - Have you eaten your cake?
Answers :
'yes, I have' or
'no, I haven't'
·         - Has She gone to the office?
Answers :
'Yes, She has' or
No, She hasn't
·         Note.
In Present perfect tense, please do not use 'time', because if you use time, ut will be 'Past Tense.



8. PAST PERFECT TENSE
Untuk menyatakan sesuatu SUDAH terjadi di saat kejadian lain di masa lampau terjadi
Format:
·         Subject + had + V3 + PAST TENSE
Examples.
- I had eaten my cake when Maria came to my house..
- You had eaten your cake when Maria came to my house.
- We had eaten our cake when Maria came to my house.
- They had eaten our cake when Maria came to my house.
- She had eaten her cake when Maria came to my house.
- He had eaten his cake when Maria came to my house.
- It had eaten its cake when Maria came to my house.
·         Negative Sentences.
Negative sentences have meaning 'belum'.
- I had eaten my cake when Maria came to my house..
- You had eaten your cake when Maria came to my house.
- We had eaten our cake when Maria came to my house.
- They had eaten our cake when Maria came to my house.
- She had eaten her cake when Maria came to my house.
- He had eaten his cake when Maria came to my house.
- It had eaten its cake when Maria came to my house.
Yes/No questions have meaning 'sudahkah.....?'
The answers 'Yes, I had' or 'No, I hadn't' (Sudah or belum)
- Had you eaten your cake?
Answers :
'yes, I had' or
'no, I hadn't'
- Had She gone to the office?
Answers :
'Yes, She had' or
No, She hadn't


9. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

Menerangkan kejadian yang telah dan masih berlangsung sampai sekarang.
·         Subject + has/have + been + V ing.
Contoh :
Contoh kalimat Positif :
-       I have been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       You have been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       They have been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       We have been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       She has been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years
-       He has been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.

Contoh kalimat Negatif :
-       I haven’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       You haven’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       They haven’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       We haven’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.
-       She hasn’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years
-       He hasn’t been living in Cempaka Baru for 38 years.


10. PAST PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

Membicarakan kejadian di masa yang lampau saat terjadi kejadian lain di masa lampau
·         Subject + had + been + V ing + PAST TENSE
Contoh kalimat Positif :
-       I had been studying English for three hours when Rita came.
-       You had been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       We had been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       They had been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       He had been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       She had been studying English for three hours when Rita came
Contoh kalimat Negatif :
-       I hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came.
-       You hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       We hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       They hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       He hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came
-       She hadn’t been studying English for three hours when Rita came


11. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

Membicarakan kegiatan yang akan telah berlangsung dan selesai pada saat kejadian lain berlangsung.
Contoh kalimat Positif :
-       I will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       You will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       We will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       They will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       He will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       She will have studied for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
Contoh kalimat Negatif :
-       I will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.
-       You will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.
-       We will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.
-       They will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.
-       He will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.
-       She will not have studied for two hours by the time when Yanti comes.


12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINOUS TENSE

Membicarakan kegiatan yang akan telah dan sedang berlangsung pada saat kegiatan lain terjadi.
Contoh kalimat Positif :
-       I will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       You will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       We will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       They will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       He will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       She will have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
Contoh kalimat Negatif :
-       I will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       You will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       We will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       They will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       He will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.
-       She will not have been studying for two hours by the time Yanti comes.



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