Reading 12

Recent studies of patients at sleep clinics have revealed significant facts about the causes of insomnia as well as ways to deal with it. It is no surprise that stress and depression (over family, health, job, or other problems) are linked to insomnia. Also, insomnia may be caused by physical illness: itching, aches, asthma, arthritis, ulcers, and heart problems that involve shortness of the breath or difficulty in breathing.

           In order to overcome insomnia, millions of the Americans turn to drugs. “No pills will produce normal sleep, “says Dr. James Minard, sponsor of Sleep Studies at New Jersey Medical School. You can do two things if you suffer from insomnia: you can eat certain foods that will help you fall asleep and stay asleep, and you can do certain things that are sleep – inducing. Here are some guidelines from Dr. Schwartz.
  1. If you’ve had a bad night’s sleep, don’t stay in bed later the next morning.
  2. Don’t go to bed earlier the next night. Stick to your usual bedtime and rising pattern
  3. Don’t nap during the day. Naps cut down on night sleep-time
  4. Never lie awake in bed for more than 30minutes. By lying in bed sleepless you form an association between your bed and sleeplessness, thus reinforcing your poor sleeping pattern.
  5. When you get out of bed after half an hour of sleeplessness, do something, but make sure it’s something dull. Read a book that doesn’t interest you so much. Never watch TV or listen to the radio.
  6. Try sitting still in a chair in a darkened room: you’ll be surprised how fast you’ll get sleepy.
  7. Get as much exercise as possible preferably early in the day. Exercise is a great sleep inducer

As for food intake to help you sleep, make sure that your daily diet is a balanced one and high in tryptophan , an amino acid found in certain foods. The body converts tryptophan to L- tryptophan and then to serotonin, a body chemical crucial to the sleep process. Foods rich in trytophan are: whole or skim milk, eggs, cheese, meat, cashews and peanuts, apples, bananas, cherries, figs, dried prunes and watermelon. if you include food high in tryptophan in your daily diet and incorporated some of the sleep-inducing activities into your life the chance are good that you will achieve a pattern of restful, soothing sleep.

1. Which of the following is NOT stated in paragraph 1 about kinds of physical    illnesses?    
    A.  Aches. 
    B.  Stress.
    C. Ulcers.
    D. Asthma.
    E. Arthritis.

38. A good title for this article would be….
  1. I want go to sleep
  2. Stress and Depression
  3. Foods to Help You Sleep
  4. Pills to Overcome Insomnia
  5. Causes of Insomnia and Ways to Deal with it

2. . The main idea of the article is  ....
  1. Insomnia is a common problem
  2. There are ways to cope with insomnia
  3. People with insomnia tend to be unhealthy
  4. A sleeping pill is recommended to care insomnia
  5. The recent studies carried out at New Jersey School

3. Which of the following would Dr. Schwartz probably approve of doing if you cannot sleep?
A.    Read an exciting novel.
B.     Take a nap at lunch time.
C.     Go to bed at yours usual bed time.
D.    Lie awake in bed for about 30 minutes.
E.     Think about a meeting you have to attend.

4. The underlined word is closest in morning to….
  1. refused
  2. changed
  3. practiced
  4. disclosed
  5. contributed

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